Configured with a Hamamatsu Back-Thinned ccd-array detector with 2048 elements. Combining the excelent quantum efficiency of 78% and height (1mm) of each element for maximum light collection the SPEC SENSE+ offers great sensitivity, including the UV range.

The detector platform includes the detector, electronics and mirrors. The configuration is only complete with a slit, grating, filters (if required) and collecting lens (if required).

Sarspec’s SPEC spectrometers use a symmetrical Czerny-Turner optical configuration. In a simple way, the Czerny-Turner optical bench has the following components: entrance slit (2), collimating mirror (4), grating (5), focusing mirror (6) and detector (9). The light from a source enter through the slit which is placed in the focus of a collimating mirror that collimates the light to the diffraction grating which “separates” the light into different wavelengths. The light diffracted from the grating reach a second mirror, the focusing mirror, which will focus the spectrum into the detector. The representation at the end of this page illustrates several components of this configuration. 

In a traditional spectrophotometer, the detector has only a single element and the wavelength detected changes with the rotation of the grating (moving part) allowing scanning the desired spectral range. In Sarspec’s SPEC series spectrometers the grating is fixed and instead of single element Sarspec uses linear array elements (pixels), each pixel from the detector works as an individual detector, with an individual signal, allowing the acquisition of a full spectrum in real time and making a more robust instrument because there’s no mechanical ware due to grating rotation. 

To optimize the final solution with respect to range, sensitivity and stray light, Sarspec introduced some improvements to the standard Czerny-Turner configuration. As a result there are Longpass Filters (3), order sorting Filters (7) and Collecting Lens (8) available to add and optimize each configuration to meet user’s requirements. All instruments from Sarspec use SMA 905 connectors (1) for easy optical fiber coupling, without the need of any alignment. 

Important concepts when configuring a spectrometer:

1. Wavelength range - For a given focal distance (f) and detector size, the wavelength range is determined by the grating dispersion, for wider ranges it’s necessary to choose gratings with low groove density (lines/mm). The lowest groove density available from Sarspec is 500 lines/ mm which corresponds to a spectral range around 850 nm and the highest is 2400 lines/mm for 175 nm spectral range. We recommend order sorting filter or longpass filters to avoid higher orders of diffraction in the detector. 

2. Optical Resolution - There are three components that influence the resolution of the spectrometer: slit, grating and detector. As we increase the number of lines/ mm in the grating we get shorter spectral range but better resolution. The slit width controls the “image size” on the detector and the smaller the slit width better the resolution. The number of pixels also affects the resolution, more pixels better resolution, but that is only true when the ratio between pixel and slit size are close to 1. 

3. Sensitivity - Sensitivity is determined mainly by the slit size and detector. Wider the slit, more light is the detector receiving resulting in better sensitivity. With the detectors, the sensitivity increases with the quantum efficiency and pixel area. The use of collecting lens can improve the signal up to 6 times and we strongly advise them when performing low light level measurements. 

4. Speed - Speed depends on the detector and electronics. It’s important to understand that integration time (the time that the detector is exposed to light) is different of acquisition time (the time to acquire, transfer and save the spectra). Sarspec clearly identifies both in every configuration. All spectrometers available from Sarspec allow great acquisition speed but for ultimate performance we recommend the platform SPEC SPEED+ . 

First optical element, limits the amount of light entering the spectrometer. Rectangular geometry, with standard 1 mm height and variable width from 10 µm to 200 µm (pre-selected and factory installed). The slit width is crucial in the determination of the spectrometer resolution and sensitivity. The table below shows the resolutions obtained with the 2048 pixels detector from the SPEC STD spectrometer with the different slits available from Sarspec.

Resolution for available slits when using the SPEC STD+ UC platform (nm)
Grating Slit 10 µm Slit 25 µm Slit 50 µm Slit 100 µm Slit 150 µm Slit 200 µm
500 1.1 1.7 2.6 3.8 4.8 6.5
600 0.9 1.4 2.2 3.2 3.9 5.4
1200 0.5 0.7 1.1 1.6 2.0 2.7
1800 0.3 0.5 0.7 1.0 1.3 1.8
2400 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.4
3600 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.7 / 0.7 0.9
Part Number SLIT-10 SLIT-25 SLIT-50 SLIT-100 SLIT-150 SLIT-200

The dispersive element that “separates” the light into its spectral components allowing that at each pixel of the detector receives a specific wavelength range. The grating is fixed and it's crucial for the resolution, wavelength range and sensitivity of the spectrometer. All gratings have a specific performance which can be found in the efficiency curves in the link below. An efficiency higher than 25% should be considered when choosing the wavelength range.

Part Number Description Useable range (nm) Spectral Range (nm) Best efficiency >25%
G500-300 Grating 500 lines/mm, blazed @300 nm 200 - 1100 850 250 - 750
G600-300 Grating 600 lines/mm, blazed @300 nm 200 - 1100 700 200 - 650
G600-500 Grating 600 lines/mm, blazed @500 nm 250 - 1100 700 300 - 1100
G600-750 Grating 600 lines/mm, blazed @750 nm 400 - 1100 670 400 - 1100
G1200-250 Grating 1200 lines/mm, blazed @250 nm 200 - 1100 320* 200 - 750
G1200-500 Grating 1200 lines/mm, blazed @500 nm 250 - 1100 280 300 - 1100
G1200-750 Grating 1200 lines/mm, blazed @750 nm 450 - 1100 250* 475 - 1100
G1800-250 Grating 1800 lines/mm, blazed @250 nm 200 - 800 220 200 - 450
G1800-500 Grating 1800 lines/mm, blazed @500 nm 200 - 1050 200* 320 - 1000
G2400-UV Grating 2400 lines/mm, UV 200 - 800 150* 200 - 420
G2400-Vis Grating 2400 lines/mm, Vis 220 - 820 100* 250 - 800
G3600-UV Grating 3600 lines/mm, UV 200 - 500 80* 250 - 500

*Predicted Results

Gratings Efficiency Curves

Longpass Filters

Longpass filter is placed after the slit to reject shorter wavelength in the range of interest. Usefull to avoid higher orders of diffraction to read the detector and reduce the stray light radiation to get to the detector.

Part Number Description
SLPF-280 Longpass filter λc = 280 nm (@ T=50%)
SLPF-320 Longpass filter λc = 320 nm (@ T=50%)
SLPF-395 Longpass filter λc = 395 nm (@ T=50%)
SLPF-515 Longpass filter λc = 515 nm (@ T=50%)
SLPF-630 Longpass filter λc = 630 nm (@ T=50%)


Order Sorting Filters

Order Sorting Filters prevents higher orders of diffraction to reach the detector. Sarspec has a wide range of solutions and selects the best option for each configuration. 

Part Number Description
OSF-CUSTOM Order Sorting Filters - customized solution


Collecting Lens

The collecting lens are cylindrical lens placed on front of the detector for focusing the entire height of the beam into the height of the pixels. The special design from Sarspec results in a increase in the sensitivity up to 6 times, depending on the optical fiber and detector used. 

Part Number Description
CL-CUSTOM Collecting Lens - customized solution
Wavelength range 200 - 1100 nm
Detector 2048 pixels CCD array back thinned Hamamatsu
Pixel width x height 14 x 1000 µm
Optical design Symmetrical Czerny-Turner
Focal length 50 mm
Dark noise (RMS) 19
Dynamic range 3450
Signal/Noise 509
Linearity 99.99 %
Integration time 1 ms - 2.8 s
QE (%) @ peak 78%
Peak wavelength 600 nm
Pixel well depth 200000
A/D Converter 16 bits
Interface Mini USB 2.0
Trigger In/Out
Trigger delay Out
Fiber connector SMA 905
Weight 660 g
Dimensions 119 (L) x 90 (D) x 60 (H)
Part Number DET-SENSE



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